To promote and enable accessible education and recreation in the outdoor environment. 

More Information on the Field Leader Program

Principles of High-Quality Low-Risk Programming

The Field Leader course is designed to empower the leader to meet the challenges found in leading others in low-risk terrain. These challenges include providing a productive and supportive psycho-social environment for participants. Consequently the Field Leader curriculum is focused on the roles and responsibilities of the outdoor leader. Major themes include:

  • Mindful leadership: The successful leader is mindful of their personality and motivations and how they can affect their leadership performance. He/she uses strategies to reconcile their personal interests with those of their participants so as to maximize their service of the group today and improve their mastery over time.
  • Participant-centered experiences: Throughout the event cycle the leader actively seeks to be aware of the physical and psycho-social state of their participants, and modifies their leadership as appropriate.
  • Purposeful programming: Every program should have clear objectives. That purpose is delivered to the highest quality by careful matching of the participants to the learning/experiential outcomes and the resources available.
  • Systematic planning: Tools are provided to assist with planning that honours the themes of the course
  • Team building: Team building with participants, co-leaders, our organization, and other stakeholders maximizes our ability to deliver quality and safety.
  • Communication: Two-way verbal and non-verbal practiced in a climate of dialogue, empathy, and compromise is an essential component of successfully actualizing the other activities required for superior leadership.
  • Learning through reflection: Personal and organizational de-briefing practices maximize learning and continual improvement in the delivery of quality and safety.

The success of the individual leader is highly dependent on the cultural environment in which they work. Ideally that environment embodies the values and supports the processes listed above. The field team will include a team leader who embodies the attributes of the 'Adequate Supervisor’. Learn more


Integrating Management of Physical and Psychological Risks 

Traditionally, risk management programs have focused on reducing physical injury risk. This can be a mistake if we fail to recognize that psychological injury is more prevalent and can be more serious than physical injury in outdoor programming. Learn More 

The Principles of High-Quality Low-Risk Programming which are designed to reduce psychological risk are equally effective at reducing physical risk too. However, there are two additional factors that need to be recognized:

  1. Additional measures have to be employed to ensure that leaders are competent to manage the particular hazards that a particular piece of terrain presents. This is the reason why Field Leaders are initially restricted to defined low-risk terrain, and why demonstrated competence is the requirement for programming in more complex terrain.
  2. Excessive concern for reducing physical injury causes psychological injury. All physical activity has the potential for physical injury but participating in outdoor physical activity brings large physical and psychological benefits. An appropriate balance between injury reduction and benefit maximization should be made.

Risk Management in the Field Leader Program

The Field Leader Program is a innovative way of reducing risk in outdoor programming. It is inspired by two facts: Most outdoor programming can be conducted in a way that keeps physical injury risk very low; and: The greatest injury risk in all programming is psychological injury. 

The Field Leader Program differs from traditional approaches in two fundamental ways.

  1. New leaders are restricted to leading in terrain that is inherently safe with respect to physical injury*. Training and certification at this stage is focused on developing the leadership skills that promote high-quality programming and reduce the risk of both physical and psychological injury
  2. More experienced leaders are accorded the authority to lead in more complex terrain through upgrading their skills and through demonstrated performance as verified by their team leader or supervisor. This strategy ensures that two very important things happen:
  • A strong quality and safety culture is nurtured.
  • Leaders don't end up in terrain that is too complex for them to manage safely. It is this error that has resulted in most serious physical injuries during outdoor programming.
Learn more


For the New Leader the progression and factors required to support that progression are as follows:  

  1. The Field Leader training course provides an introduction to the roles and responsibilities of the Outdoor Leader. The powerful learning strategies used in this training implant these roles and responsibilities as values to be pursued.
  2. The New Leader will begin by working with more experienced leaders who share and practice the same leadership values. This experience strengthens commitment to those values and builds competency in leadership roles and responsibilities.
  3. During this ‘apprenticeship’ period the New Leader is mentored by his/her team leader. Observed performance determines what level of responsibility the New Leader is charged with. The New Leader can assume the senior leadership role once the Team Leader is confident that observed performance justifies this responsibility.

      Moving Beyond 'Low-Risk Terrain' 

      Progression to leading in more complex terrain has traditionally been founded on acquiring certifications that demonstrate increased technical skills. However, this approach will be flawed unless higher technical competence is backed by an assessment of both judgment and demonstrated competence in the ‘soft’ leadership skills of the leader. The Field Leader Program keeps both physical and psychological injury low by emphasizing the role of ‘observed performance’ as a co-prerequisite for progression to leading in more complex situations.  


      The Experienced Leader: An important feature of the Field Leader Program is that it recognizes there are many excellent outdoor leaders who are running safe and quality programs even if they do not have a full complement of certifications to prove their competency. Such leaders do not need to start at the beginning of the certification process but can become authorized to lead in more complex terrain once their observed competency has been verified as adequate by a team leader or supervisor.

        - - - - - - - - -

        * In this context 'inherently safe' means that serious physical injuries are much less common in this defined terrain than in traditional sporting activities.



        © Outdoor Council of Canada

        Powered by Wild Apricot Membership Software